Mendenhall E, Omondi GB, Bosire E, et al. Stress, diabetes, and infection: syndemic suffering in an urban public hospital clinic in Kenya, 2015, Soc Sci Med, 146, pp. 11-20.

This article examines how social stress, psychological distress, and physical illness among patients in a public hospital in Nairobi, Kenya, produce syndemic suffering, defined by lived experiences of syndemic clustering such as diabetes with depression and infection.

Hannan C, Women gender equality, and diabetes, 2009, Int. J. Gynaecol. Obstet., 104 (Suppl. 1), pp. S4-S7.

In response to the global policy framework on gender equality and empowerment of women adopted by the United Nations in 1995, this paper discuss the gender differences and inequalities in relation to causes and consequences of diabetes and access to services and support between women and men, and among different groups of women.

Hsu C-C, Lee C-H, Wahlqvist ML, et al. Poverty Increases Type 2 Diabetes Incidence and Inequality of Care Despite Universal Health Coverage. 2012, Diabetes Care; 35(11):2286-2292. doi:10.2337/dc11-2052.

This paper delineates the association between income disparity and diabetes incidence and inequality of diabetes care under a national health insurance (NHI) program in Asia. The paper points out that poverty is associated not only with higher diabetes incidence but also with inequality of diabetes care in a northeast Asian population, despite universal health coverage.