WHO, Gender Differences in the Epidemiology of Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. (1997).WHO/MSA/NAM/97.1.

This report highlights the main epidemiological finding on gender differences in affective disorders and schizophrenia and the factors that can best explain the gender differences in affective disorders and schizophrenia.

Li X, Stanton B, Fang X, Lin D. Social Stigma and Mental Health among Rural-to-Urban Migrants in China: A Conceptual Framework and Future Research Needs. (2006). World health & population, 8(3):14-31.

This paper explores the issues of stigmatization and mental health, to propose a conceptual model for studying the association between the stigmatization and mental health among this population, and to identify some future needs of research in this area.

Silva M, Loureiro A, Cardoso G. Social determinants of mental health: A review of the evidence. (2016). European Journal of Psychiatry. 30. 259-292.

This narrative review discusses the association between mental health and socio demographic and economic factors at individual- and at area-level and highlights the importance of social factors in the initiation and maintenance of mental illness and the need for political action and effective interventions to improve the conditions of everyday life in order to improve population’s mental health.

Ngui EM, Khasakhala L, Ndetei D, Roberts LW. Mental disorders, health inequalities and ethics: A global perspective. (2010) International review of psychiatry (Abingdon, England);22(3):235-244.

This paper discuss the inequalities in global burden of mental health disorders and the ethical implication for addressing this inequality as it adversely impact on poverty reduction initiatives and economic development. Untreated mental conditions contribute to economic loss because they increase school and work absenteeism and dropout rates, healthcare expenditure, and unemployment.